Toegang tot een van de 26 Schengenlanden gaat in de toekomst 5 euro kosten, als het aan de Europese Commissie ligt. Volwassenen uit landen zonder visumplicht voor de vrijreizenzone moeten eerst online een aanvraag indienen. Als die na door allerlei databanken te zijn gehaald niet wordt goedgekeurd, gaat de reis niet door.

Zo'n eerste controle in het land van herkomst draagt bij aan de veiligheid, zegt het dagelijks bestuur van de EU over het Europees reisinformatie en -autorisatiesysteem (ETIAS). De centrale ETIAS-database zou onder beheer van de Europese grens- en kustwacht komen te vallen. De lidstaten voeren de risicoanalyse uit en beslissen over de aanvraag. De kosten bedragen naast 212 miljoen euro ontwikkelingskosten jaarlijks naar schatting 85 miljoen euro. Dit wordt ruimschoots gedekt door de inkomsten.

De maatregel gaat gelden voor de 1,4 miljard inwoners van de ongeveer zestig landen die zijn vrijgesteld van de visumplicht voor de EU, zoals de VS, Canada, Maleisië, Paraguay.

Alles bij de bron; Trouw

2. European travel information and authorisation system (ETIAS) Design and purpose

The Commission introduced the discussion emphasising that this should include consideration of what ETIAS should and should not do. Designing a system should learn from systems in the US, Canada and Australia, and from all interested parties (including carriers)...

...For travel by air or sea, verification of the travel authorisation would take place at check-in or boarding. For travel by rail or bus, consideration could be given to verification when booking. For travel by car, verification would not be possible until arrival at the border. Border guards would verify travel authorisation through passport scanning. If this raised any issue, the border guard would only then have possible access to information in the application file. The primary purpose of ETIAS would be to facilitate migration and security risk assessment...

...Entry information should be added to the future Entry/Exit System (EES). Accessing data would require that ETIAS would consult other systems (e.g. SIS, VIS, EIS, Interpol and a possible screening engine to address verification that cannot be done by other systems). What data should be collected? Systems in US/Canada/Australia can include information on education, employment details, available financial resources, purpose of visit, convictions, illnesses, health insurance… Is such information of interest and, if so, is it legally accessible? Data privacy and fundamental rights issue have to be considered. How would ETIAS interact with the EES?...

...The Commission set out how applications could be screened. Identity can currently be screened against all the major systems whereas travel documents cannot be screened against Eurodac or EIS. Screening rules — for both automatic and manual processing — would need to be drawn up and reviewed periodically to ensure respect for data privacy and protection considerations. Such rules could be based on EES statistics for overstayers and refusals, patterns, risk assessment and specific values (e.g. phone number or email). Currently, the national system at the point of entry is consulted but, under ETIAS, this could be extended to all national systems. This could lead to building a common repository of data...

Experts commented as follows.
 Checking national databases is not foolproof.
 Will visa-exempt travellers be subject to greater checks than visa-holders?
 How to exploit API/PNR information in relation to common risk profiles?
 Important to cross-check with EIS and take account of data protection.
 Cross-checking data sets through an anonymising filter can reveal a hit without immediately divulging data – this could be supported.
 Important to define clear rules on screening, especially when profiles present risks.
 How will PNR and PIU contribute to ETIAS? 
 Is SIS sufficient already as a common repository?
 Will Member States retain data ownership in any screening system? If so, what rules will apply to such data? 
 Europol could provide a simple solution to implement ETIAS and access Member State data.

Nog veel meer bij pdfde bron van deze aanvulling



Abonneer je nu op onze wekelijkse nieuwsbrief!
captcha